Adam’s priestly role overlaps with his kingly role expressed in chapter 1: “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth and subdue it and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over every living thing that moves on the earth” (1:28). How does this verse’s description relate to Adam being placed in the Garden? As Adam and Eve were called to rule over and fill the earth, they would begin where they had been placed—in the Garden—but they were to extend and populate the geographical boundaries of that Garden until Eden became a Holy Garden City that covered the whole earth. While the tragedy of Adam’s rebellion horribly interrupts this process, the Scriptures culminate with God establishing a glorious Garden City that revisits all the imagery of Eden (Revelation 21-22). Adam’s botched mission would not stop God’s agenda from being accomplished. “For the earth will be filled with the knowledge of the glory of the Lord as the waters cover the sea” (Habakkuk 2:4).
So God, set up His creation as the sanctuary of His rest. But the notion of rest should not be construed to mean the cessation of activity. God certainly ceased from his creative activity, but what He did next was the furthest thing from disengagement. God’s rest is the establishment of His rule and thus the resultant effect of His ruling presence upon the universe. God’s reign over His creation is His rest. The enthronement of the Lord over His creation is what would provide the stability, the equilibrium, the joy, and the peace for mankind as he was commissioned to tangibly reflect God’s rule to the creation. Mankind, as the image-bearer of God, who was called to represent God to the creation, was invited to do what God had just done: rest. But if God’s rest consists of His enthronement over His creation, then man’s entrance to that rest would consist of the joyful recognition and reflection of God’s enthronement.
The truthfulness of Scriptures does not require confirmation from any external scientific, historical, or sociological evidence. To do so, would be to have a functionally higher authority than the Bible for our validation of reality. The Bible reveals all of its truths, whether they are theological and religious truths or historical and scientific truths, from God’s viewpoint and therefore, in accord with His own wisdom and knowledge. All Scripture originates from God (2 Timothy 3:14-17), who moved on the Biblical writers in such a way that the views expressed in their writings were God’s viewpoint, which He enabled them to express accurately (2 Peters 1:19-21). So, when the Bible says that God created the heavens and the earth and all they contain in six actual days, that discloses God’s view, not merely mans’ views.
Introduction to Genesis Study # 1 — Exodus 19-20 Genesis is vital revelation for knowing the One True God and understanding His ways. Like each of the sixty-six books of the Bible, Genesis is pure truth, essential to our lives today. Genesis, which means origins, is an appropriate title given to this book that […]
The bulk of the instructions concerning elders pertain to moral qualifications (see also 1 Timothy 3:1-7). The particular duties that elders are to carry out are somewhat secondary to their moral character. What an elder is to do is not as pressing as what kind of person is qualified to be an elder. This is not to suggest that duties that an elder performs are unclear or unimportant; but it is perhaps a strong reminder that the elders are to first and always seek to model in their own life, what they teach and lead others to be and do. No church has the right to either diminish the standards for the elders (or deacons) as established in the New Testament or elevate any other standards as though they would then be equal to those explicitly commended by the true Head of the church Himself.
The salvation that has been received in Christ by the Spirit, which in no way is secured by works; nevertheless, does most certainly result in works. The new way of living that was stated back in 3:1 is revisited: “The saying is trustworthy, and I want you to insist on these things, so that those who have believed in God may be careful to devote themselves to good works” (3:8). Works are necessary in a very important sense related to salvation. They are not necessary in order to earn or obtain salvation but they are a necessary evidence or outcome of salvation. Salvation is not by works, but salvation is through a grace that works.
Lust is the disordered love of the desires and pleasures associated with marital love. The problem is neither the desires nor the pleasures. Lust is another disordered love that is manifested in many distorted ways of living. Many of these distorted ways of living are found in activities occurring outside of marriage: fornication, adultery, prostitution, pornography, incest, rape, pedophilia, bestiality, polygamy, same-sex relations, etc. But the distorted life of lust may also be found within a monogamous marriage where the physical relationship between spouses is self-centered, abusive, or limited to loveless physical gratification.
Gluttony involves food and drink, but it is not merely about eating and drinking. Gluttony is an inordinate desire for food and drink. However, food and drink, the act of eating and drinking, and a proper measure of enjoyment with these experiences are good, God-given gifts. Man was created with very sensitive taste buds to enjoy a range of flavors and a strong natural desire to quench his hunger and thirst. Gluttony describes a distorted life involving eating and drinking dominated by a disordered love for food and drink.
But more than an unquenchable craving for more stuff drives greed. Greed is extremely religious (Colossians 3:5). Greed strives to obtain from the stuff of life what can only be found in God. So greed is built upon fabricated worship practices of a false god. Greed, in chasing a life without thought of God, is another picture of a distorted life with disordered loves. As an idolatrous pursuit, greed searches for one’s identity and security through the acquisition of things. Money and the things that money can buy become the source for happiness at the present and the assurance of things hoped for in the future.
Since slothness is not simply physical laziness, it shows itself in the total inactivity of the couch potato but also in the restless distractions of endless activity. So, the apathetic inertia of the lazy person or perpetual motion of the busy person reveals the vice of sloth. A slothful person lives his life for himself; therefore, he balks at surrendering His will to God. The slothful dread and even disdain being interrupted by the demands of the Lord but also the needs of others. The practical starting point of sloth begins with apathy toward the Scripture. This apathy is captured well in Hebrews 5:11-6:12 as the section opens with “you have become dull of hearing,” and concludes with, “that you may not be sluggish.”
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